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Whether you’ve just recently learned how to sew or you have been sewing for years and you’ve finally decided that you want to do something useful with your skill, you’ve come to the right place. In this article, i share with you everything that you need to know in order to understand and make sewing patterns with excellence and ease.
Learning how to use sewing patterns opens up a world of options for you as you will be able to accomplish much in the process. Whether your goal is to fashion garments, create costumes, or form toys, soft furnishings, or what have you, it’s all possible once you familiarize yourself with making sewing patterns. Without further ado, let’s get started.
Sewing Patterns: Choose Your Size
The very first step is to choose the right size for the person who will be using the garment. If you are designing the garment for yourself, then ask a friend to help you out with the measurements. It is important to adjust your expectations, as the end result may not necessarily end up looking like the ready-to-wear clothing that is currently hanging in your closet. Have a look at the back of the pattern envelope and choose the size that is closest to your own by examining the finished measurements that are indicated.
Sewing Patterns: Multi-Sized Patterns
One aspect of sewing patterns that’s important to understand that all not patterns are of the same size. There is such a thing as multi-sized patterns. This simply means that they are “free size” and can accommodate a variety of sizes. It will likely be necessary to examine the pattern for markings that will indicate where you should cut in order to match specific sizes.
Sewing Patterns: Make Allowances
When creating sewing patterns, it’s very important to remember to make space for alterations. Everyone in the clothing industry understands that all garments are made with allowance for fit. In fashion terms, this is known as “fit of wearing ease”, while others call it “designer ease”. One type of fabric that is an exception to this rule is knits as they have a natural stretch to them.
In order to be properly guided, read the instructions that come with your pattern. You can also make comparisons between your body measurements and the finished measurements so you can see what the allowance is. Knowing the allowance is especially crucial if you want the finished product to be smaller or bigger.
Sewing Patterns: Reading the Pattern
When it comes to properly sewing patterns, reading instructions in detail cannot be taken for granted. Be sure to always carefully read the user guide and pattern tissue. Do this before and not while creating the sewing patterns so that you’re aware of everything that you need to know in order to be successful. The instructions should tell you how to cut out the pattern tissue, guide you with constructing the garment, and provide advice for size selection.
Sewing Patterns: Take Note of Grain Lines
Examine the garment and look for the lines with arrow heads at both sides of them. This is what indicates to you where the paper pattern pieces should lie. They are called grain lines. If the fabric is stretch, the grain lines will tell you where the fabric will stretch the most. Take note that the direction of the selvage edges is the same as the direction of the grain line.
Sewing Patterns: Notches
Apart from grain lines, there are other cutting lines that are present on the garments. These are the notches and they are used to match panels in a precise manner. For instance, it helps with ensuring that the arm of the person wearing the garment will fit properly into the armhole. There are different types of notches and these include single, double and triple notches. Typically, a single notch tells you that you are working on the front of the garment. On the other hand, the double notch is the back. However, this doesn’t always apply.
While pros at sewing patterns will create small cuts into the seam allowance, it should suffice for a beginner to cut mirror triangles that go above the cut line so that the pattern pieces are lined up.